Bush Search and Rescue was formed in 1949 after several volunteer bushwalkers were involved in an extended search at Wilson's Promontory.  Until the 90s, the organisation was known as the Federation of Victorian Walking Clubs Search and Rescue Section, abbreviated to "The Federation".

In the 90s, the organisation name informally transitioned to Bushwalkers Search and Rescue.

Bush Search and Rescue celebrated its 50th anniverary in March 2000.

BSAR members are selected by bushwalking and mountaineering clubs affiliated to Bushwalking Victoria. From 2007, BSAR members could also be selected from individual members of Bushwalking Victoria.

BSAR has provided volunteer search and rescue services to the people of Victoria on over 100 occasions, usually in bush or alpine areas.

In 2008, the organisation name Bush Search and Rescue Victoria was adopted.

See also:  Bush Search and Rescue Manual - History